There are many different types of prescription drugs, but the main three that cause addiction are painkillers, sedatives, and stimulants.
Prescription painkillers are part of the class of opiate drugs, which are derived from the opium poppy plant. Oxycodone, morphine, codeine, and Vicodin are some of the most commonly abused prescription opiates.
These drugs relieve pain and can cause drowsiness, but they also stimulate the reward center of the brain. Because of this, the person who uses opiates will feel a sudden rush of euphoria that over time can be addicting. Instead of the person’s own brain producing dopamine, the chemical that is associated with pleasure, the brain has to rely on the opiates for that sensation. With prolonged use, the person becomes dependent on prescription opiates because they can’t feel a normal level of happiness or pleasure without them.
Benzodiazepines, the class of drugs containing sedatives and tranquilizers, are also often abused. This group includes Xanax, Valium, and Ambien, which are used to help a person sleep and reduce stress and anxiety. These drugs can also cause confusion, dizziness, and slurred speech. When a person abuses a prescription sedative, their body quickly begins to depend on the substance. Withdrawing from prescription sedatives can be dangerous, and should only be done under medical supervision.
Prescription stimulants are another type of prescription medication that is commonly abused. These include ADHD medications like Adderall and Ritalin. These medications are used to increase alertness and help the person focus. However, when abused they cause a high, increased energy, and a feeling of euphoria, which can lead to addiction.
A person who is abusing prescription drugs will usually keep their addiction a secret as long as possible, until it becomes clear to those around them that they have a problem. One of the most common signs that a person is caught up with a drug addiction is that they will withdraw from family and friends. As the person begins to be controlled by drugs, they will neglect their responsibilities and normal activities. As a result, the person’s family will suffer, as well as their finances, career, and social life. Teens who abuse drugs will suffer from a drop in grades and an increase in behavioral problems. Older adults will become withdrawn and more secretive.
The best way to recover from a prescription drug addiction is to enter a professional treatment program. ARIA understands the struggle you face when you need help for a prescription drug addiction. We offer individualized treatment programs that are tailored to meet your specific needs. Our programs include intensive outpatient therapy, outpatient therapy, and long term support through our alumni services.
Sobriety is possible. We are here to walk you or your loved one through the recovery process.
ARIA Can Help. Contact us Today to Learn More About Our Treatment Programs.